INTERVENTIONS FOR OUT OF SCHOOL CHILDREN
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Society U.T. Chandigarh framework realizes the great heterogeneity among ‘out of school’ children. This heterogeneity demands diversified approaches and strategies for their education. Therefore, the state Implementing agencies are advised by Ministry of HRD to adopt specific strategies for bringing these children into the education system through the following broad kinds of strategies.
(a)Setting up of schools in school less habitations.
(b) Mainstreaming of ‘out of school’ through Bridge courses.
(c) Strategies for very specific, difficult groups of children who cannot be mainstreamed.
U.T., Chandigarh has no school less habitation as per the norms. Hence strategy at ‘a’ above is not applicable to it. However, the number of out of school children in 6 to 14 years exist. These children belong to migratory Labourers from various states who are not willing to join the schools due to various Socio – economic compulsions . Therefore, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, U.T., Chandigarh, proposed to en roll every unschooled child of school going age in school by creating additional capacity for Enrolment in schools and improving quality of classroom processes for their retention. However, it was realized that before bringing these children to schools, they would need to be brought to the level/ class matching to their age.
|Year||Enrolment||No. of Centres||No. of children mainstreamed|
With the implementation of RTE Act 2009 special Training Centres have been running to comply with the provision of the Act.
Special Training Centers for out of school children
Objective: As per section-4 of Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act where a child of above six years of age has not been admitted in any school or though admitted could not complete his/her elementary education then he or she shall be admitted in a class appropriate to his/her age, provided that where a child directly admitted in a class appropriate to his/her age, then he/she shall in order to be at par with others, have right to receive special training, in such manner and such time limits, as may be prescribed by the State/UT, children. So admitted shall be entitled to free education till completion of elementary education even after fourteen years age. Special Training centers are to be set up to prepare out of school children for age appropriate class.
Special Training for out of school children: Section 4 of the RTE Act makes specific provision for Special Training for age appropriate admission of out of school children. A majority of out of school children belong to disadvantage communities: scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, Muslim minorities, migrants, children with special needs, urban deprived children, working children, children in other difficult circumstances, for example, children from displaced families, and areas affected by civil strife, etc. Girls comprise a bulk of out of school children. Special Training for never enrolled children or those who dropped out before completing elementary education would require an authentic identification of children who must be enrolled. For this the State Government, Local Authority and School Management Committee will need to undertake a community level school mapping exercise. The school mapping exercise will followed by (i) a formal Enrolment process to enter the child’s name in the school records (ii) organization of Special Training of flexible duration to enable the child to be at par with other children, (iii) actual admission of the child in the age appropriate class on completion of Special Training, and his/her participation in all class activities, (iv) continued support to the child, once admitted to the regular school, so that the child can integrate with the class socially, emotionally and academically. States will be required to plan context-specific strategies for Special Training. An important preparatory activity for providing Special Training would be the development of appropriate material by the academic authority notified by the State under section 29 of the RTE Act.
There are four NRSTCs for 109 children who are either orphans or wards of single parent, in collaboration with Special Welfare Department. Boarding & lodging facilities are being provided by Social Welfare Department and all other expenses are being met by SSA UT Chandigarh.
39 out of school children were found at construction sites of -sector-51. Special training centres are running for them at the respective construction sites in collaboration with Labour Department UT Chandigarh. These children were admitted in nearby schools.
SSA Chandigarh is running one special training centre at Juvenile Justice Home at sector- 25, Chandigarh in collaboration with Social Welfare Department. There are children of age group 10-18 yrs at Juvenile Home at present that have been sent there for indulgence in some criminal activities. The aim of this centre is to transform these children into good citizens which enables them to lead a respectable life when they grow up and come out of the Juvenile Home. The strength of these children increases with the new entrants or decreases when their period of stay ends at Juvenile Justice Home.
- 352 children have been covered in 3 unrecognized Madarsaas by opening STCs there.
- 1488 out of school children mainstreamed up to December 2016 in the age appropriate classes.
- 2132 out of school children are likely to be mainstreamed in the month of April after the completion of 12 months training.
- As such a total 3620 out of school children out of the 5040 OoSC enrolled are to be mainstreamed for the year 2016-17. In percentage terms about 72 % children shall be mainstreamed.
- Reading and writing material (like note books, drawing books/sheet, crayons/colors, scrapbook geometry kit etc.)
- Health & Hygiene Kit (like containing Comb, Lee Shampoo, hair oil, Towel, Soap, and Tooth Brush).
- Continuous comprehensive evaluation (CCE record and child profile).
- Quarterly awareness workshop for parents.
- Worksheets/Special Learning Support Material. .
- Quarterly meeting for continued support to STC Children after successful completion of special training at cluster level
- Quarterly workshops for adolescence boys & Girls.
- Excursion trips (local and Science City Kapurthala Punjab.)
- Teaching Modules for teachers of STCs prepared
- Worksheets prepared for classes 6th to 8th.
- Development of bridge course material in level I and level II Hindi, English and Maths and worksheets of English, Maths, Hindi, EVS of level III.
- Bridge Course for Level II for bridging classes III and IV has been developed.
- Activity sheets have been prepared for level I and II in the subject of Hind i, English and Maths on the basis of bridge courses and are given to the children of STCs.
- Monthly Bal Bharti Magzines by Publication Division, ministry of Information & broadcasting, GOI for all children to inculcate the habit of reading.
- Other steps taken up for retention of OOSC
- Development of IEP for recording the regular development of children in all spheres.
- Monthly meeting for continued support to STC Children after successful completion of special training in order to enable these children to integrate with the class both academically and emotionally. The need of continued support has been emphasized in the RTE Act.
- Provision of joyful learning in the school by use of special TLM at learning corners.
- Sensitizing & orienting stakeholders at all levels especially SMC, parents and school teachers.
- Quarterly Review Meeting of CRCCs & STTs.
- 05 days training Programme for special training teachers.
PROGRESSES IN MAINSTREAMING OF OUT OF SCHOOL CHILDREN UNDER STCs
|Year||Target Children||Achievement||No. of children mainstreamed|
|2016-17||5110||5040||*1488 up to December 2016 (2132 are likely to be mainstreamed in the month of April 2017, total 1488+2132 = 3620)|