INTERVENTIONS FOR OUT OF SCHOOL CHILDREN

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Society U.T. Chandigarh framework realizes the great heterogeneity among ‘out of school’ children. This heterogeneity demands diversified approaches and strategies for their education. Therefore, the state Implementing agencies are advised by Ministry of HRD to adopt specific strategies for bringing these children into the education system through the following broad kinds of strategies.

(a) Setting up of schools in school less habitations.
(b) Mainstreaming of ‘out of school’ through Bridge courses.
(c) Strategies for very specific, difficult groups of children who cannot be mainstreamed.

U.T., Chandigarh has no school less habitation as per the norms. Hence strategy at ‘a’ above is not applicable to it. However, the number of out of school children in 6 to 14 years exist. These children belong to migratory Labourers from various states who are not willing to join the schools due to various Socio–economic compulsions. Therefore, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, U.T., Chandigarh, proposed to en roll every unschooled child of school going age in school by creating additional capacity for Enrolment in schools and improving quality of classroom processes for their retention. However, it was realized that before bringing these children to schools, they would need to be brought to the level/ class matching to their age.

Special Training Centres for out of school children

Objective:  As per    section-4 of Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act where a child of above six years of age has not been admitted in any school or though admitted could not complete his/her elementary education then he or she shall be admitted in a class appropriate to his/her age, provided that where a child directly admitted in a class appropriate to his/her age, then he/she shall in order to be at par with others, have right to receive special training, in such manner and such time limits, as may be prescribed by the State/UT, children. So admitted shall be entitled to free education till completion of elementary education even after fourteen years age.  Special Training centres are to be set up to prepare out of school children for age appropriate class.

Special Training for out of school children: Section 4 of the RTE Act makes specific provision for Special Training for age appropriate admission of out of school children. A majority of out of school children belong to disadvantage communities: scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, Muslim minorities, migrants, children with special needs, urban deprived children, working children, children in other difficult circumstances, for example, children from displaced families, and areas affected by civil strife, etc. Girls comprise a bulk of out of school children. Special Training for never enrolled children or those who dropped out before completing elementary education would require an authentic identification of children who must be enrolled. For this the State Government, Local Authority and School Management Committee will need to undertake a community level school mapping exercise. The school mapping exercise will followed by (i) a formal Enrolment process to enter the child’s name in the school records (ii) organization of Special Training of flexible duration to enable the child to be at par with other children, (iii) actual admission of the child in the age appropriate class on completion of Special Training, and his/her participation in all class activities, (iv) continued support to the child, once admitted to the regular school, so that the child can integrate with the class socially, emotionally and academically. States will be required to plan context-specific strategies for Special Training. An important preparatory activity for providing Special Training would be the development of appropriate material by the academic authority notified by the State under section 29 of the RTE Act.

Non Residential Special Training Centre for Orphans/Single Parents and Street Children at Snehalya Maloya

There are NRSTCs for children who are either orphans or wards of single parent, in collaboration with Special Welfare Department. Boarding & lodging facilities are being provided by Social Welfare Department and all other expenses are being met by SSA UT Chandigarh.

Non Residential Special Training Centre at Construction Sites

Special training centres are running for them at the respective construction sites in collaboration with Labour Department UT Chandigarh. These children were admitted in nearby schools.

Centre for children in Juvenile Justice Home

SSA Chandigarh is running one special training centre at Observation-cum- Special Home at sector- 25, Chandigarh in collaboration with Social Welfare Department.  There are children of age group 10-18 yrs at Juvenile Home at present that have been sent there for indulgence in some criminal activities. The aim of this centre is to transform these children into good citizens which enables them to lead a respectable life when they grow up and come out of the Observation-cum-Special Home. The strength of these children increases with the new entrants or decreases when their period of stay ends at Observation-cum-Special Home.

Facilities provided to out of school children studying in special training centres.

  • IEP/Child Profile
  • Health & Hygiene Kit i.e shampoo. Soap, toothpaste and tooth brush , hand towel and comb etc
  • Quarterly Workshop for mothers of OoSC for motivation and guidance by CRCCs and consultation of the schools
  • Stationary items (worksheets, pens, pencils, notebooks etc).
  • Aptitude test for OoSC (11-14 years) which will help them to decide stream/vocational subject he/she can opt when moving in the secondary classes.
  • Awareness programme for the children of age group of 7-10 such as Good touch bad touch awareness about biological changes & personal interaction with counsellors on these topics.
  • Awareness programme for adolescences boys & girls (drugs, human trafficking, hygiene & health safety measures gender issues (11-14).
  • Celebration of birthday of OoSC at each centre per month to boost the morale of the children. 
  • Beating drum ceremony: In order to encourage children on their mainstreaming a gift item/prize educational kits/indoor sports, item as per interest of the students etc. depending on the age of child given by school head in the morning assembly.
  • Sports and cultural activities.
  • Chandigarh Darshan -Hop on Hop off Tourist coach,This coach is one of it first kind on the country and is a major tourist attraction in itself due to its open top roof.

Special Learning Material Developed for Special Training Centres.

  • Teaching Modules for teachers of STCs prepared.
  • Worksheets/activity sheets prepared for students of special training centres.                 
  • Bridge courses develeped for students of STCs

Other steps taken up for retention of OOSC

  • Development of IEP for recording the regular development of children in all spheres.
  • Monthly meeting for continued support to STC Children after successful completionof special training in order to enable these children to integrate with the class both academically and emotionally. The need of continued support has been emphasized in the RTE Act.
  • Provision of joyful learning in the school by use of special TLM at learning corners.
  • Sensitizing & orienting stakeholders at all levels especially SMC, parents and school teachers.
  • Quarterly Review Meeting of CRCCs & STTs

Year-wise Enrolment and mainstreaming of out of school children

Year

Status of Out of school children  including children of Snehalaya, JJ Home, Construction Sites, Madarsaas, Nari Niketan and Aashiana

Fresh

Contd.

Total Enrolment

 

No. of children mainstreamed

2014-15

3929

1790

5719

4019

2015-16

4110

1700

5810

4319

2016-17

3549

1491

5040

3620

2017-18

3391

1226

4617

3536